Pollution in Delhi
There is a government body called Delhi Pollution control committee existing in Delhi called DPCC basically established for controlling pollution in this national capital region (DELHI). I being an environment friendly citizen applied for a unit in prime industrial area of New Delhi only after installing and successfully running the required systems for controlling pollution and treatment of Water.
Inspite of giving all possible proofs to the department they made our consent application a big issue and keep on demanding huge amount of money from us which due to no other option we keet on giving them the amount whenever demanded from them. Since I had refused them bribe when they had their first visit after the application, they were exploiting us all the time. In the mean time they were providing consents to the people which were not having systems for controlling pollution installed at their polluting units at a nominal bribe of 12000 This procedure of providing consent to operate polluting manufacturing units after getting bribe and not installing pollution control measures is till today\’s date ie.27-06-2008 is kept on followed. I complained this matter to CVC (Central Vigilance Commission ) and CBI but of no use.
The member secretary Mrs. Naini Jayaseelan whose office is in secretariat building was continuously abusing me with words I have never heard. She even was torturing me of what kind of science graduation I have attained in front of excise commissioner and then deputy commissioner of DPCC Mrs. Debashree Mukherjee. She was agreeing sometimes and abusing me and my family other time.
1)I had applied for a consent only when I had successfully treated water continuously for two years in Gagan Enterprises.
2)At the time of installation of the treatment plant , DPCC was not playing any active role in Delhi.
3)When I submitted my application form they tried to grammatically figure out mistakes in that because at that time also they were receiving bribes from polluting units.
4)Even now there is no need to give you any media briefs for the kind and level of pollution in River Yamuna.
5)There are unlimited number of manufacturing units draining immense amount of UNTREATED water in Yamuna existing in Delhi.
6)Delhi face the threat of becoming a desert in the near future.
7)Ground water is being contaminated by toxic elements released by industrial untreated discharge. The disposal of industrial effluents into the Yamuna flood plain and water channels around Delhi, seepage through sewage dumps, agricultural waste, percolation of liquid wastes and general bad hygiene habits and poor sanitation provisions has led to this pollution.
8)Two decades ago Yamuna was a river, but what remains of it now is a sluggish flow laden with plastic, solid waste, untreated industrial water and corpses.
9)Japan Bank for International Co-operation extended a soft loan of Rs.700 crore for treating Yamuna. But due to collection of bribes by the DPCC officials proprietors of industrial units are allowed to flush untreated water into sewer.
10)The biochemical oxygen demand(BOD),dissolved oxygen(DO) and colon bacillus colonies-three main parameters to gauge water quality-have worsened due to increasing corruption.
11)The courts are only concerned about removing encroachments and unauthorized colonies who discharge organic wastes.
The untreated inorganic industrial effluents obviously make way into the river even if discharged by automatic machines or labours working in factories because industries are sources of huge bribe collection which fill pockets of Naini Jayaseelan also. This criteria is not dependent on the place of residence of workers.
12)There is widespread pollution of Delhi\’s underground water system due to excessive seepage of toxic chemicals like arsenic, mercury and fluorides. This is not surprising when 19 industrial drains empty into the Yamuna flood plain alone.
13)The pollutants that have affected the environment due to this uncontrolled seepage are nitrates, potassium, phosphates and heavy metals like cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, nickel, lead and zinc.
14)People can be exposed to chromium through breathing, eating or drinking and through skin contact with chromium or chromium compounds. The level of chromium in air and water is generally low. In drinking water the level of chromium is usually low as well, but contaminated well water may contain the dangerous chromium(IV); hexavalent chromium.
For most people eating food that contains chromium(III) is the main route of chromium uptake, as chromium(III) occurs naturally in many vegetables, fruits, meats, yeasts and grains. Various ways of food preparation and storage may alter the chromium contents of food. When food in stores in steel tanks or cans chromium concentrations may rise. Chromium(III) is an essential nutrient for humans and shortages may cause heart conditions, disruptions of metabolisms and diabetes. But the uptake of too much chromium(III) can cause health effects as well, for instance skin rashes. Chromium(VI) is a danger to human health, mainly for people who work in the steel and textile industry. People who smoke tobacco also have a higher chance of exposure to chromium. Chromium(VI) is known to cause various health effects. When it is a compound in leather products, it can cause allergic reactions, such as skin rash. After breathing it in chromium(VI) can cause nose irritations and nosebleeds.
Other health problems that are caused by chromium(VI) are: Skin rashes Upset stomachs and ulcers Respiratory problems Weakened immune systems Kidney and liver damage Alteration of genetic material Lung cancer Death The health hazards associated with exposure to chromium are dependent on its oxidation state. The metal form (chromium as it exists in this product) is of low toxicity. The hexavalent form is toxic. Adverse effects of the hexavalent form on the skin may include ulcerations, dermatitis, and allergic skin reactions. Inhalation of hexavalent chromium compounds can result in ulceration and perforation of the mucous membranes of the nasal septum, irritation of the pharynx and larynx, asthmatic bronchitis, bronchospasms and Respiratory symptoms may include coughing and wheezing, shortness of breath, and nasal itch.
15)Nickel is not known to cause any health problems when people are exposed to it at levels above the MCL for relatively short periods of time. Nickel has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at levels above the MCL: decreased body weight; heart and liver damage; skin irritation.
16)Exposure occurs from lead\’s presence in air, food, water, soil, dustfall, paint, and other materials. Lead is readily absorbed by the body via the primary routes of entry, inhalation and ingestion. Studies indicate that 10% to 20% of inhaled lead enters the blood stream. In children, approximately 50% of ingested lead is absorbed as compared to 8% to 10% for adults. This is especially significant since much of children\’s lead exposure is caused by their normal habits of mouthing dirty hands, objects and materials.
(A growing body of research suggests there may be no safe level of lead ingestion.) Within the body, lead is found in circulating red blood cells, soft tissues(liver and kidney), and bone (where lead is accumulated). Blood lead concentrations are the most reliable indicator of recent lead exposure. Known health effects of lead poisoning include: Anemia. Brain and nervous system damage, which can include permanent mental and motor retardation and in extreme cases, death. Severe kidney injury or failure. Injury to the gastrointestinal system and the heart.
Damage to the reproductive system, including: Ovarian and testicular dysfunction. Impaired fetal blood synthesis, premature births, and other delivery complications. Long-term, low level lead exposure causes learning deficits and behavioral problems in children. The major source to children is through contact with the dust or chips from old lead-containing paint. However, significant airborne exposure may occur near manufacturing facilities emitting large amounts of lead. At present, a child with blood lead levels over 10 micrograms per deciliter (µg/dl) is considered lead-poisoned. Exposure to air containing 1 µg/m3 of lead is associated with a 5 µg/dl increase in blood lead; thus, long-term exposure to air containing over 2 µg/m3 could cause a child to become lead-poisoned. Recent studies suggest that lead may be a factor in high blood pressure and subsequent heart disease in middle-aged white males. Effects on Plants and Animals At common low ambient concentrations lead does not usually pose a threat to plants and animals. However, exposure to high concentrations has adversely affected domestic animals, wildlife, and aquatic life. Areas near major emission sources are most susceptible. In past years, small animals trapped near highways showed high lead levels.
Water is polluted with zinc, due to the presence of large quantities of zinc in the wastewater of industrial plants. This wastewater is not purified satisfactory. One of the consequences is that rivers are depositing zinc-polluted sludge on their banks. Zinc may also increase the acidity of waters. Some fish can accumulate zinc in their bodies, when they live in zinc-contaminated waterways. When zinc enters the bodies of these fish it is able to bio magnify up the food chain. Large quantities of zinc can be found in soils. When the soils of farmland are polluted with zinc, animals will absorb concentrations that are damaging to their health. Water-soluble zinc that is located in soils can contaminate groundwater. Zinc cannot only be a threat to cattle, but also to plant species. Plants often have a zinc uptake that their systems cannot handle, due to the accumulation of zinc in soils. On zinc-rich soils only a limited number of plants has a chance of survival. That is why there is not much plant diversity near zinc-disposing factories. Due to the effects upon plants zinc is a serious threat to the productions of farmlands. Despite of this zinc-containing manures are still applied. Finally, zinc can interrupt the activity in soils, as it negatively influences the activity of microorganisms and earthworms. The breakdown of organic matter may seriously slow down because of this.
17) Around 1393 mld of sewerage finds its way into river Yamuna through 19 major drains. Out falling into the river carrying 218 mls which includes 48 mgd of industrial effluent.
BOD content of this water is 587 mld in all the 5 sewerage zones of Delhi. 64% of total BOD is from domestic sources. 10-15% of nutrients added to the soils through fertilizers eventually find their surface water system. The highest load occurs from the NCT Delhi (about 152 MT/day of BOD load) as compared to the loads of other cities which vary from 1 mt/day) as per Yamuna Action Plan. Everyday about 1880 mld of waste water is discharge into the river from Delhi through 18 drains. More than 95% waster water in Delhi is drained by 5 drains viz. Nazafgarh, Sen Nursing home, and power house drain.
18)The 48 km stretch of the Yamuna River in Delhi is heavily polluted by domestic and industrial wastewater.
19)Chemical contamination will lead to the spread of many lethal diseases like cancer in the near future.
20)There are 28 industrial areas in Delhi. Most of the small and tiny industries do not have individual facilities to treat liquid waste.
21)The alarming rise in chemical pollution last year too and consumption by humans is likely to cause a number of diseases. This process is never checked due to money and favour collection by Delhi Pollution Control Committe all the time they visit polluted industries. It is well-known that cadmium contamination causes anaemia, high blood pressure, liver trouble and hepatic and renal disorders. Nickel causes pneumonia, lung and nose cancer, headache nausea and vomiting. Lead may cause gastric problems, kidney diseases and nervous disorders. Zinc is toxic to plants.
22)The air pollution has increased in these years also.
23)Children have narrower airways than do adults. Thus, irritation or inflammation caused by air pollution that would produce only a slight response in an adult can result in a potentially significant obstruction of the airways in a young child. During exercise, children, like adults, breathe with both their nose and mouth rather than just their noses. When the nose is bypassed during the breathing process, the filtering effects of the nose are lost, therefore allowing more air pollution to be inhaled.
24)Sulfur dioxide not only has a bad odor, it can irritate the respiratory system. Exposure to high concentrations for short periods of time can constrict the bronchi and increase mucous flow, making breathing difficult. Children, the elderly, those with chronic lung disease, and asthmatics are especially susceptible to these effects. Sulfur dioxide can also: Immediately irritate the lung and throat at concentrations greater than 6 parts per million (ppm) in many people.
Impair the respiratory system\’s defenses against foreign particles and bacteria, when exposed to concentrations less than 6 ppm for longer time periods. Apparently enhance the harmful effects of ozone. (Combinations of the two gases at concentrations occasionally found in the ambient air appear to increase airway resistance to breathing.) Sulfur dioxide tends to have more toxic effects when acidic pollutants, liquid or solid aerosols, and particulates are also present. (In the 1950s and 1960s, thousands of excess deaths occurred in areas where SO2 concentrations exceeded 1 ppm for a few days and other pollutants were also high.) Effects are more pronounced among mouth breathers, e.g., people who are exercising or who have head colds. These effects include: Health problems, such as episodes of bronchitis requiring hospitalization associated with lower-level acid concentrations. Self-reported respiratory conditions, such as chronic cough and difficult breathing, associated with acid aerosol concentrations. (Asthmatic individuals are especially susceptible to these effects. The elderly and those with chronic respiratory conditions may also be affected at lower concentrations than the general population.) Increased respiratory tract infections, associated with longer term, lower-level exposures to SO2 and acid aerosols.
Subjective symptoms, such as headaches and nausea, in the absence of pathological abnormalities, due to long-term exposure. Effects on Plants Sulfur dioxide easily injures many plant species and varieties, both native and cultivated. Some of the most sensitive plants include various commercially valuable pines, legumes, red and black oaks, white ash, alfalfa and blackberry. The effects include: Visible injury to the most sensitive plants at exposures as low as 0.12 ppm for 8 hours.
Visible injury to many other plant types of intermediate sensitivity at exposures of 0.30 ppm for 8 hours. Positive benefits from low levels, in a very few species growing on sulfur deficient soils. Other Effects Increases in sulfur dioxide concentrations accelerate the corrosion of metals, probably through the formation of acids. (SO2 is a major precursor to acidic deposition.) Sulfur oxides may also damage stone and masonry, paint, various fibers, paper, leather, and electrical components. Increased SO2 also contributes to impaired visibility. Particulate sulfate, much of which is derived from sulfur dioxide emissions, is a major component of the complex total suspended particulate mixture.
25)Diesel cars in 2006 represent nearly 20% of new car registrations in Delhi, up from 4% in 1999. While gasoline cars have increased at 8.5% annually, diesel cars have maintained a growth rate of 16.6%. It is shocking to note that diesel cars during the same period have increased by 425 per cent.
The share of diesel cars, a mere 4 per cent of the total new car registration in 1999, has climbed to nearly 20 per cent in 2006. While petrol cars have increased at 8.5 per cent annually, diesel cars have maintained a growth rate of 16.6 per annum,\” the release added The cumulative effect is overwhelming the emissions benefits gained by the city\’s earlier phase-out of its 12,000 diesel buses. It is calculated that the 118,631 diesel cars on the city\’s roads are equivalent to adding particulate emissions from nearly 30,000 diesel buses. NOx levels are steadily rising.
26)Nine of every twenty residents suffer from lung, liver or genetic disorders due to highly-polluted air in the capital city of 16 million. It has been found that polluted air has also altered immunity and caused blood-related abnormalities among many of the victims. Permissible limits suitable for drinking water is as follows: (mg/l) Cu 0.05 Fe 0.1 NO3 45 F 1.0 Zn 0.05 SO4 200 Ca 75 Mg 30 Mn 200 Hg 0.01 Cd 0.005 As 0.05 Pb 0.01 Cr 0.05 Ni 0.02 Hardness 2mg/l pH 7-8.5 Delhi’s drinking water has the levels of manganese, copper, nickel, chromium, iron selenium, lead, arsenic, mercury and cadmium highly above the Indian Standards (IS) specification regulated for drinking water thereby more increasing pollution in Delhi.
27)There is serious problems with the extremely poor monitoring capacities of government agencies because they collect bribe and so give wrong data which is broadly indicative.
28)The way the government, the courts and Mrs. Naini Jayaseelan are proceeding, it is clear that the intention is not to fight pollution.
29) I had closed Gagan Enterprises in April 2004 itself.
30)DPCC and any environment groups in India only want media attention and no more devoted towards controlling pollution and not forcibly closing polluting units even today.
31)If I was right in controlling pollution then the reasons for my application were also righteous, this means I was tortured. If I was wrong in the decision for application, this means DPCC is not acting even today, because consents are being provided to polluting units in New Delhi after getting bribes, Then also Human Right Commission should pay at least some attention to my complaint and do whatever is suitable to the greatest authority in this earth, to become true to your lord.
32)There is a difference between long term remedies and short temporary measures for controlling pollution.
33)DPCC is not following any of the above procedures because they are able to gather bribe from polluting units which thereby flourish more and thus polluting more, I being surviving in the same system along with maintain huge expenses for pollution control devices also giving bribes.
34)The products manufactured in delhi are consumed in other states also.
35)The eligibility or intention of owner of any unit is the only criteria which is responsible for the methods that company employ in controlling pollution.
36)This factor is not dependent on geographic location of the polluting unit. Simply relocating industries means relocating pollution from the backyard of Delhi\’s elite to wherever human life can be found to be cheaper
37) My first claim is that inspite of relocating the polluting units, there should be ban on individuals to open any manufacturing unit whether polluting or not; in any area. If ohchr is ready to send me details of proofs required to show and prove my complaints i can send that through any medium and also through courier.
38)As I had already mentioned due to the torture faced by me when I was operating an industry in which all the pollution control measures were installed and successfully being used continuously for treatment and purification of water and air; for not giving bribe too often, I had to face more hassles and torture, I closed that unit in march 2004
39)Now i have opened an Electronic Goods showroom in September 2004
40)For no reason DDA officials visited this premises and told me that we are there to encourage youngsters and we don’t require small amount of bribe.
41)Since they don’t use the exact words to demand money and talk like demanding gifts which is much a common way of harassing and collecting bribe in Delhi, and also I was in no mood to give bribe because of fewer resources and also less daily expenditure money I can utilize at any moment of time.
42)They(A government organization) are again ready to exploit me and my family by demanding more and more money.
43)IF GOVERNMENT AGENCIES DON\’T HAVE ENOUGH LAWS TO PUNISH AND FINE ANYONE WORKING IN THIS CITY,THEY CANT DISCOURAGE AND HARASS THEM BY SENDING INAPPROPRIATE AND INCOMPLETE NOTICES THAT CANNOT BE IMPONDED ON THEM, JUST BECAUSE THEY NEED MORE BRIBE.
44)I am explaining below three more(3 i had already explained) of domestic remedies i have tried to exploit as advised by you. 1)Government of Delhi Grievance Cell Complaint No. CMO/PGC/2006/515174 2)Supreme Court Of India Reference No. 1056(Civil Appeal) dt.12-03-2006 3)Hard Copy submitted To Political secretary Of Mrs.Sonia Gandhi Mr.Motilal Vohra (Home Ministry Of India Office) 10 Race Course New Delhi-01 35)
45)I am sending you more proof to place my complaint but my demand is another reply in the form of e mail. I have just given one of the examples of domestic remedies which I had already exhausted before complaining to human rights commission Thus I am in no intention to repeat this kind of procedures of domestic remedies because they are of no use in the kind of society, system we are surviving in India.
The level of ethics and commitment is almost nil in all government employees of India. I am no longer able to continue to survive remembering that torture and humiliation. Gagan Deep Maggo Reference G/SO 215/1 human rights commission.
Weight Loss Programs – Medical Benefits of Losing Weight
If you are overweight, you are not alone. In 2007, 2 out of 3 Americans are overweight or obese. As a society, we are becoming increasingly mindful that decreased activity coupled with increased caloric intake and poor nutrition slowly but inevitably overwhelm our bodies’ ability to maintain a healthy weight.
Being overweight or obese puts you at serious risk for developing many obesity related diseases. That’s the bad news. The good news is that reducing your weight dramatically reduces these same risks. For those patients who suffer from these conditions, weight loss can significantly improve or completely correct these conditions.
Insulin Resistance and Diabetes Mellitus
Obesity leads to insulin resistance, a diminished biological response to the hormone insulin. This resistance is characterized by an elevation of circulating insulin, a diminished ability to store glucose, and a propensity to store fat.
In patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, serum glucose levels improve within days after starting a weight loss program. One study showed that the average fasting blood glucose levels in persons with type 2 diabetes decreased from 290 mg/dL to 110 mg/dL in 3 days in response to a very low calorie diet. Medication (oral agents or insulin) can be greatly reduced or eliminated in such cases. Another study reported that, after a 23-kg weight loss (22% of initial body weight), all patients taking oral agents and 82% of patients taking insulin were able to discontinue medication. Similar results were reported with weight losses of 9.3 kg. In general, patients with a 15% reduction in total body weight may consider stopping oral agents. Smaller decreases in total body weight may even cure “pre-diabetes”, a significant cardiovascular risk.
Hypertension improves with weight loss in overweight persons. In patients following Very Low Calorie Diets (VLCD’s), one study reported a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure in 81% of patients and in diastolic pressure in 62% of patients (6). Patients receiving a diet of 800 to 1200 kcal who averaged a weight loss of 10.5 kg showed decreases in both systolic and diastolic pressures of about 20 mm Hg. In about three quarters of these patients, blood pressure returned to normal. Adding an exercise regimen to weight loss led to even greater improvements in blood pressure.
Obesity can be associated with mild to severe respiratory functional impairment. Increasing obesity is associated with decreasing oxygen saturation. Two primary disorders ensue: obesity-hyperventilation syndrome and sleep apnea.
Patients with hypoxemia (low blood oxygen levels) and sleep apnea improve quickly with weight reduction. For every 1 percent decrease in weight, sleep apnea patients decrease their apnea-hypopnea indices (the amount they stop breathing at night) by 3 percent. In fact, many sleep apnea patients who sleep with CPAP machines are able to stop using their breathing machines at night after weight loss.
A disturbance of ventilation-perfusion (a mismatch in breathing vs. circulation) is common in obese persons. This disturbance can result in heart failure. These conditions also improve with weight loss. With significant weight loss, essentially normal pulmonary function can be achieved and cardiac function can be normalized.
Obesity is often associated with an elevation of serum triglycerides and total cholesterol. The ratio of LDL to HDL cholesterol is usually elevated, resulting in an even greater risk of heart attacks and strokes. All of these values generally improve with weight loss. Often, fasting triglyceride levels that may be as high as 1000 to 1500 mg/dL will return to normal levels (<250 mg/dL) with dietary treatment alone. Weight loss has been repeatedly reported to increase HDL (“good”) cholesterol levels. Even rather small weight losses of 5% to 10% of initial weight will have this result.
Intra-abdominal fat is metabolically active and associated with serious health risk. Metabolic Syndrome describes a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors which combine to produce a pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic (hypercoagulable) state. This condition leads to vascular diseases that result in heart attacks and strokes and a pro-inflammatory state associated with an increased incidence of a number of cancers. It is estimated that over 50 million Americans are currently at risk, but that less than 5% are diagnosed.
To be classified as having Metabolic Syndrome, one needs 3 out of 5 of the following components: 1. increased intra-abdominal fat defined by a waist circumference greater than 40 inches in men and 35 inches in women 2. high blood pressure 3. elevated triglycerides 4. low HDL cholesterol 5. diabetes or pre-diabetes. Abdominal obesity is present in 84% of patients with Metabolic Syndrome.
In summary, fat location matters. Intra-abdominal fat is metabolically active and dangerous and can lead to heart attacks, strokes, cancers, and more. Fortunately, 1st-line treatment for Metabolic Syndrome is weight reduction and increased physical activity. Waist circumference and intra-abdominal fat decrease markedly with the type of weight loss typically experienced by patients at Jumpstart Medicine.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) affects 5 – 10% of reproductive age women. It occurs in association with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and anovulatory infertility. As noted above, weight loss improves diabetes. Weight loss in PCOS patients can also significantly improve their reproductive potential (fertility).
Degenerative Joint Disease
Low back pain and osteoarthritis of the knee are both more common in obese persons. Obese women are 4 times more likely and obese men 5 times more likely to develop osteoarthritis of the knees. Fortunately, the associated knee pain and disability improve or resolve with weight loss. According to the Framingham Study, an 11 pound weight loss in women decreased their risk for knee osteoarthritis by 50%. The degree of improvement varies with the amount of structural damage but relief can oftentimes be complete with moderate weight loss.
Social Stigmatization and Prejudice
In addition to suffering from health risks, obese individuals also suffer discrimination and decreased competitiveness in our society. Compared to a normal weight counterpart with otherwise equal credentials, an obese person is less likely to be hired for a job and more likely to be paid less if he or she receives the job. Obese individuals are less likely to be admitted to competitive colleges than their otherwise equal normal weight candidates.
Because the risks attending general surgical procedures are greater in obese patients, it is often beneficial to reduce a patient’s weight before attempting a major elective procedure such as an orthopedic operation, cholecystectomy, or gastric bypass. A 5% to 10% reduction in body weight or a 5-unit change in body mass index (BMI) can reduce the duration of hospitalization and the incidence of postoperative complications.
In 1997, Dr. Conrad Lai, a Stanford University-trained emergency medicine physician founded Jumpstart Medicine, offering medically supervised weight loss programs. Since that time, they have helped thousands of individuals regain control of their weight, diet, and health. Jumpstart Medicine provides the support and guidance you need to achieve your weight loss goals.